Setting the Stage for Research Success: Creation of Standardized Physician-Scientist Training Program Guidelines to Facilitate Research During Clinical Training

OBJECTIVES/GOALS: To ameliorate the leaky pipeline of physician-scientists, we must address the factors that cause medical trainees to disengage from research. Here we describe the development of standardized Physician-Scientist Training Program guidelines that may be implemented across disciplines to address these challenges. METHODS/STUDY POPULATION: Maintenance of a robust pool of… Read More

Addressing the physician-scientist pipeline: Strategies to integrate research into clinical training programs

Introduction Physician-scientists are critical members of the biomedical workforce. Thecombination of rigorous scientific training and clinical skills uniquely positions them tobridge clinical needs with investigational pursuits by identifying important clinical questionsthat drive basic discoveries and translating those into therapeutics that improve patientoutcomes. The impact of physician-scientists on biomedical science has… Read More

Growth hormones

Although a multitude of hormones influence human growth, hormones that regulate the somatotropic axis and metabolism are among the best understood. Along the somatotropic axis, growth hormone and insulin‐like growth factors regulate linear growth, weight, and energy metabolism. Metabolic hormones such as ghrelin, leptin, and adiponectin influence energy intake, expenditure,… Read More

A meta-analytic review of play therapy with emphasis on outcome measures

A meta-analysis of 100 studies of outcomes of play therapy interventions was conducted to determine overall effect of intervention. Different from the Bratton, Ray, Rhine, and Jones (2005), but more consistent with the Lin and Bratton (2015), findings, there was a significant moderate effect for play therapy interventions across all… Read More