Correlates of Receipt of Colorectal Cancer Screening among American Indians in the Northern Plainsedit
Research has consistently documented lower colorectal cancer (CRC) screening rates for racial and ethnic minority populations, with the lowest screening rates among American Indians (AIs). Given the low CRC screening rates among AIs residing in the Northern Plains region, the objective of this research was to identify CRC screening correlates for Northern Plains AIs. With a sample of 181 AIs age 50 years or older, the authors used Andersen’s behavioral model to examine the following factors related to receipt of CRC screening: (a) predisposing factors—age, education, marital status, and gender; (b) need factors—personal and family history of cancer; and (c) enabling factors—having a particular place to receive medical care, annual health checkup, awareness of the availability of CRC screening, knowledge of CRC, and self-efficacy of CRC. Nested logistic regression identified the following correlates of receipt of CRC screening: (a) predisposing factors—older age; (b) need factors—having a personal history of cancer; and (c) enabling factors—having an annual health checkup, greater awareness of CRC screening, and greater self-efficacy of CRC. Given the findings, prevention and intervention strategies, including public awareness and education about CRC screening, are promising avenues to reduce cancer screening disparities among AIs.