Implementation of resource facilitation to assess referral needs and promote access to state vocational rehabilitation services in people with traumatic brain injuryedit
Resource facilitation (RF) has shown promise for improving return to work (RTW) after traumatic brain injury (TBI), but little is known about the RF needs of people recruited from acute trauma settings. In this descriptive study, we sought to track referral needs, describe problems in accessing state vocational rehabilitation (VR) services, and highlight the role of RF in overcoming these difficulties in 45 adults with complicated mild to severe TBI seeking RTW who were recruited from acute trauma care. Participants received a referral to the state VR agency, along with RF services for up to one year. Case coordinators (CCs) conducted biweekly assessments, provided referrals, and helped address problems in accessing services. On average 4.92 referrals were generated per participant; 91% required referrals. CCs made 44% of referrals, while physicians/other healthcare professionals generated 33% and VR counsellors generated 23%. CCs filled a gap in referring for financial and transportation difficulties. Two case studies illustrate implementation of the RF paradigm. RF provides systematic assessment and referral for services needed to facilitate utilisation of state VR services. Among persons with TBI recruited from acute trauma settings in the US, CCs provide referrals that are often not generated by other sources.