Stress and working aprentsedit
Over the past few decades, the number of dual-earner families in the United States has increased substantially (Waite and Nielsen 2001). Stress that most working families experience is evident in a variety of situations and is likely to affect other relationships at work and at home. Although scholars view stress as likely to be experienced by individuals at various levels every day, few studies have looked at stress over the course of a day or week or in a variety of different situations (special issue of the American Psychologist on Stress and Coping, 55, 2000). In this chapter, we study the stress levels of working couples at work, home and in leisure. We investigate how high and low stress mothers and fathers perceive their experiences of work and leisure as well as relationships with their spouse and children. To understand how stress is experienced and how it affects others in the family, we use data obtained from the Alfred P. Sloan 500 Family Study, which includes survey information, time diary data (i.e., the Experience Sampling Method or ESM) and intensive interviews.