Gender Differences in Outcomes of Juvenile Court-Involved Youth Following Intensive In-Home Servicesedit
This article describes outcomes following intensive in-home services for youths (N = 5,000) with juvenile justice involvement, with a focus on gender. Individual, family, peer, and community risk factors are drawn from a baseline psychosocial assessment. A multinomial logistic regression predicts recidivism, problems at home and/or in school, or nonrecidivist status at 12-month post-discharge follow-up. Results of analyses with and without imputed data are presented. The recidivism rate of the study sample is relatively low (26% of the full sample). Female gender is associated with a lower risk of recidivism. Both the imputed data and the non-imputed data models show significant risk factors for recidivism such as theft and status offense. The program might be associated with lower rates of re-offending in girls, but both genders show approximately equal benefit in terms of home and school outcomes. This study underscores the value of examining gender differences in behavioral health services research.