Physical activity for people with young-onset dementia and carers: protocol for a scoping reviewedit
Background: Physical activity has been cited as a potential symptomatic treatment option for people living with dementia. At present, much of the research concerning physical activity and dementia considers older adults, and there are several review articles summarising the evidence in this area. Less is known about physical activity for younger people with dementia, despite the marked differences in needs and preferences between the two groups. The aim of this scoping review is to systematically explore and critically appraise the current state of the evidence regarding physical activity for people with young-onset dementia and carers. Methods: Several electronic databases (i.e. MEDLINE, SPORTDiscus, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, PsycINFO, Applied Social Sciences Index & Abstracts (ASSIA) and Scopus), grey literature (i.e. NICE Evidence Search (UK) and targeted international organisations e.g. Alzheimer’s Society (UK), Age UK, Young Dementia UK, Alzheimer’s Association (USA), Dementia Australia) and trial registries (i.e. UK Clinical Trials Gateway, International Clinical Trials Registry Platform and EU Clinical Trials Register) will be searched for published and unpublished evidence regarding physical activity for people with young-onset dementia and carers. Studies included in the review will be subjected to a narrative synthesis to explore similarities and differences, both within and between studies, to identify patterns and themes and to postulate explanations for research findings (e.g. how and why certain interventions or programmes have worked (or not); factors that might have influenced the findings ). Discussion: This will be the first review to systematically explore and critically appraise the current state of the evidence regarding physical activity for people with young-onset dementia and carers. It is hoped that findings from this review will be used to inform the development of future physical activity interventions, to serve as a basis for consultation with key stakeholders and to identify appropriate outcome measures relevant to people with young-onset dementia and carers.