The Effectiveness of Psychoeducation and Brief Treatments in the Aftermath of Sexual Assaultedit
Recent estimates indicate that roughly 20% of US adult women and 1.7% of men report being raped during their lifetime and an estimated 1.6% of women report being raped in the previous 12 months (Breiding et al., Surveillance Summaries, 63:1–18, 2014b). Sexual assault victimization is associated with higher rates of revictimization, interpersonal difficulties, and social stigma. Survivors of sexual assault are also at an increased risk of abusing alcohol and drugs, even among those who did not abuse substances prior to the assault (Kilpatrick et al., Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 65:834, 1997a). As such, there is an impetus to develop brief and evidence-based interventions that target the unique constellation of challenges faced by sexual assault victims. The aim of this chapter is to examine the available support for brief treatments and psychoeducational interventions in the aftermath of trauma and discuss limitations and future directions for research.