The social construction of preteen childrenedit
In 1962, philosopher Thomas Kuhn, in his book on the history of science, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, describes how scientists are enculturated into the accepted methods, tools, conceptual categories, and ways of “doing” science that are embraced until new concepts and methods gain traction and replace the old (Kuhn, 2015). Although he argued his case with examples from the physical sciences, his thought is nonetheless relevant to the social sciences and health sciences. Kuhn’s book helps nurse scientists understand that the concepts, theories, and methodological tools of a given time period reflect and reinforce the biases of normal science. That is until anomalies are noticed that challenge prior knowledge and taken for granted assumptions of the physical or social world. A good example is seen in Philippe Aries’s work on childhood.